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Changes in Swedish immigration Trend as more to come here to work

Wednesday, 23 November 2011
The Swedish economy is good compared to other EU countries and there is the shortage of contain types of skills. Therefore, Sweden is the best place to go and seek work and this is the trend.

Sweden has long been a country that has received more refugees that ordinary job seeking migrant workers. But now, according to Swedish daily, Dagens Nyheter, Sweden faces a new trend of immigrants – job seekers which it reports has doubled in six years.

Today, one in five Swedish citizens has an immigrant background. Sweden's transformation from an emigration country to an immigrant country has been rapid. 60 years ago one percent of the Swedish population was born overseas. Now 30 years after, the proportion had risen to 6.7 percent. Today, 14.7 percent were born in another country.

The first major immigration wave was composed of young men who travelled here from Southern Europe to work in the Swedish industry when it was booming. When labour migration ended in 1970, Sweden became instead a country which only took in refugees.
Now, Sweden is again before a trend reversal, according to data of non-Nordic immigration which statistics Sweden put together on behalf of the paper Dagens Nyheter.

Now there is the gradual rise of labour immigration again after it had also most stopped since the last peak in 2006, and the post-Yugoslavia wars in the mid-1990s. The former Social Democrat immigration minister, Jan O. Karlsson, now working in think-tank Global Challenge, said:
Migration to Sweden has long been ruled by the Swedes wanting to see us as good. There mostly been those we felt sorry for that were allowed to come here. It resembles a colonial mindset. The new, modern immigration policy is based more on a global and interdependent.

He refers to the new law on labour migration from 2008, which is one of the most generous in relation to non-EU countries.

The most obvious - and most controversial - change is that it no longer requires that a Swedish authority first considers whether there is any need of work before a non-EU citizens can come here and work. The permits would be limited in time, but after four years, the permit may become permanent.

Labour Immigration Act is the basis for cooperation between the Government and the Green party on Sweden's immigration policy which has been vehemently opposed by Social democrats, the Left party and the far right Sweden democrats.

Also labour union such as LO, has pushed the hardest criticism of the law on ground that need for labour should first be considered by the Employment Service. The contracts for immigrant labourers should be binding:
Unemployment in Europe is enormous. Employers' incentives to bring in people from outside the EU, in order to clean or work in a restaurant, is to get workers who volunteer in poor condition, said LO in their report .

EU citizens may of course come here and work without the need of the labour market mean testing.  In the long run it will be absurd if the rules will be harder for non-EU citizens.
Labour migration was understood to rise slightly even when Sweden joined the EU. But the onslaught of the new Member States, Poland and Romania was never as great as expected – to Sweden (in other places such as the UK the onslaught has been overwhelming).

In statistic Sweden’s data, labour migrants have doubled since 2004, to 8667 in 2010.
This includes those people who stayed in Sweden for at least one year after they supposed to have left.

The trend is clearer if you look at the Migration Board statistics. Since the new law was introduced nearly three years ago, the Immigration Service has granted more than 40 000 work permits to non-EU citizens. This includes highly trained computer specialists from India and Thai berry-pickers. Some may stay in Sweden for the rest of their life, some may be travelling back home after a month in the northern forests.

These figures show only the number of permits granted, not how many people actually come here.
Left Party’s Kalle Larsson, another former parliamentarian with immigration high on the agenda, said:
“Trend shift is profoundly risky. Now we steer away from costly refugee immigration to a more profitable labour immigration in which people are exploited through low wages.”

It included the Donald Larsson, who fought for the historic decision on a temporary asylum law which gave all the undocumented an opportunity for a new review of their cases and which led to over 10 000 receiving resident permits in 2006.

Then the violence in Iraq escalated and for a few years, Sweden was the country in the world that received the most refugees from there. A total of 50,000 Iraqi refugees and their relatives received a residence permit in Sweden since then.

In 2010, immigration to Sweden fell and forecasts indicate that Sweden once again will reach a lower, more "normal" level of immigration again. The dream of an immigrant minister is of course a steady and fairly predictable immigration. But it's not just war, dictatorships, poverty and disasters that influences immigration. Political decisions in the EU and at the national level in Sweden will have a major impact.

During the 2000s, family reunification has been by far the largest component that has steered immigration. With refugees and economic migrants, migrations of families from their home country have greatly influenced. But the number of Swedish citizens who marry a foreign partner has also increases.

Last year, the Thai women led the group of women whom the Swedish men went after and they have established he largest single family group of immigrants to Sweden according to the Swedish Migration Board.
By Scancomark.se Team


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